Emotional, Mental Health, and/or Behavioural Disorders


The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development recognizes the following conditions as examples of emotional, mental health, and/or behavioural disorders:

  • Psychiatric conditions such as ADHD, Anxiety Disorders, Conduct Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as outlined in the DSM-IV
  • Other mental health conditions resulting from situations such as substance use or family or personal turmoil

Note: A student must be diagnosed by and under the continuing care of an appropriate medical or mental health professional. The disorder must be of a nature that affects the student’s functioning.

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A student diagnosed with an Emotional, Mental Health, and/or Behavioural Disorder may require a range of school based services depending on level of need and functioning. A comprehensive assessment is required to inform program planning. Programming decisions are made by the student’s program planning team and may include accommodations or alternate programs. In extreme cases, modified prescribed or alternate curricular courses may be required. Caution must be exercised in this regard since such modified prescribed and alternate courses (below grade level) may adversely impact graduation and post-secondary options.

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