Recent fishery statistics indicate that the industry has rebounded from the groundfish crisis of the early 1990s. While this renewal has resulted largely from the unprecedented increase in shellfish stocks and the ability of the industry to take advantage of it, the rebuilding has also benefited from research and development. The impact that applied research and development has had on the renewal was recently examined in an independent review of the Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN)--based research and development agency, the Canadian Centre for Fisheries Innovation (CCFI). The study confirmed that research and development at CCFI has contributed in a major way to the technical, scientific and economic advancements in aquaculture, harvesting, processing and resource management. The number and timing of crab and shrimp initiatives by CCFI, along with landings of these species, are indicated in the accompanying diagrams.
With respect to snow crab, where landings have doubled in four years, the effect of research and development has been direct and lucrative. In 1994, CCFI began working with industry on a strategic program for crab. Over the next four years, 11 projects regarding the processing of this species were undertaken. These projects included an initiative with crab processors of the Fisheries Association of Newfoundland and Labrador, which devised a leg cutting system that increased crab yields by 1 to 2%. At recent catch and price levels, this initiative translated into at least 113 additional tonnes of leg meat worth $1.5 million annually. In a related initiative, researchers developed a dry extraction system for crab meat which enhanced the flavour, yield and appearance of the product. The industry is now examining a variety of potential new products made possible by this new technology. This improvement is expected to contribute at least as much as the leg cutting technology to the industry.
CCFI and research engineers at MUN also assisted St. John's-based Canpolar East Inc. in developing a crab section cleaner. The new machinery reduces processing costs by approximately 44 a pound, generating annual savings to the industry of $1 million to $1.5 million. Sales of the machinery in the foreseeable future, just in Eastern Canada, are expected to generate revenues for the St. John's company of close to $6 million.
Other crab initiatives include the development of crab au gratin products from Rock and Toad Crab; the development of an au gratin product with crab and mussels; and a current initiative to produce a superior quality crushed crab shell product for the Asian markets.
The second most important species to evolve in the Newfoundland fishery is northern shrimp. The landed value is expected to reach $100 million in 1998. Research and development on this species began in earnest in 1994. In that year, CCFI assisted two firms in determining the feasibility of shrimp processing in their plants. As a result, the companies were able to move quickly when the inshore shrimp fishery materialized.
A major initiative, aimed at the industry as a whole, was launched in 1997. In that year, CCFI commissioned technical, financial and marketing studies on requirements for establishing a Northern Shrimp fishery. Armed with the results, the organization hosted ANorthern Shrimp: From Trawl to Table@ an industry technology transfer event just two weeks after the 1997 announcement of the inshore fishery allocations. The one-day event presented information on the latest technologies and methods in harvesting, handling and processing the species. According to one industry participant, the event advanced the fishery by as much as two years.
Individual plant initiatives have had an economic impact as well. MUN researchers assisted Seafreez Foods Inc. in establishing a shrimp cocktail processing line on the west coast of the Island in 1996. The initiative resulted in the production of 1.5 million bottles of product in the first year and the establishment of 16 new jobs.
Research developments are pushing forward economic growth in other areas as well. The development of an anti-roll tank for 65-foot vessels has generated a great deal of interest in the industry. It is estimated that increases in annual revenues per vessel that have adopted this technology amount to approximately $35,000. Technological advances in automatic detection of fish defects, developed by St. John's-based Canpolar East Inc. in collaboration with MUN researchers, will dramatically reduce existing detection costs and improve quality control. This technology has already attracted the attention of international fish processing equipment companies. The processing of surimi, the development of seal oil, and the ranching of sea urchins have also paid off for the industry clients involved.
Future research and development in the fishery will continue to address areas with greatest potential for commercial growth. Aquaculture of selected cold-water species holds considerable promise, and researchers are already moving toward the commercialization of certain of these species. Harvesting challenges for the foreseeable future will involve enhanced selection of target species and sizes in different fisheries, and in processing the emphasis will remain on the production of ever-greater high-quality products and diversification.
The Canadian Centre for Fisheries Innovation
CCFI is a joint venture of Memorial University of Newfoundland
and the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.
Contents Previous Next