Occupation Projections — Classification

Updated: Fall 2018

Main—Download | Definitions | Methodology | Occupational Classification

The following table provides a comprehensive list of the 3-digit NOC 2016 occupational groups, as well as examples of specific occupations within each group. 

0Management occupations  

1Business, Finance and Administrative Occupations  

2Natural and Applied Science and Related  

3Health Occupations  

4Occupations in Education, Law and Social, Community and Government Services  

5Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport Occupations  

6Sales and Service Occupations  

7Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations  

8Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations  

9Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities  


National Occupational Classification

The occupation statistics are classified under the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). An occupation is defined as a collection of jobs sufficiently similar in work performed to be grouped under a common label for classification purposes. NOC is the nationally accepted reference on occupations in Canada. It is a standard framework that classifies and describes occupations. NOC organizes over 30,000 job titles into 500 occupational groups.

Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), in partnership with Statistics Canada (STC), update the NOC according to 5-year Census cycles.

The two major attributes of jobs used in NOC classification are skill level and skill type. Skill level is defined generally as the amount and type of education and training required to enter and perform the duties of an occupation. In determining skill level, the experience required for entry, and the complexity and responsibilities typical of an occupation are also considered in relation to other occupations. Four skill level categories are identified in the NOC. The highest level, NOC skill level A, is further divided into two sub-classes, Management and Professional. A brief summary of these is shown below:

Skill Level A (divided into two classes): A.1 – Management; and A.2 – Professional: occupations usually require university education

Skill Level B: occupations usually require college education or apprenticeship training

Skill Level C: occupations usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training

Skill Level D: on-the-job training is usually provided for occupations

Skill type is defined as the type of work performed, although other factors related to skill type are also reflected in the NOC. One of these factors is similarity with respect to the educational discipline or field of study required for entry into an occupation. Another factor is the industry of employment where experience within an internal job ladder or within a specific industry is usually a prerequisite for entry.

The 10 skill types, 0 to 9, are presented below and are also identified in the first digit of the NOC numerical code for all occupations.

0. Management Occupations: These occupations are considered to be at the top of the organizational hierarchy of workplaces or businesses. Decision-making that affects the organization as a whole, or departments within organizations, is undertaken by management. As such, management is characterized by high levels of responsibility, accountability and subject matter expertise. Expertise is acquired through either formal education or extensive occupational experience.
1. Business, Finance and Administration Occupations: This category contains occupations that are concerned with providing financial and business services, administrative and regulatory services and clerical supervision and support services. Some occupations in this category are unique to the financial and business service sectors; however, most are found in all industries.
2. Natural and Applied Sciences and Related Occupations: This category contains professional and technical occupations in the sciences, including physical and life sciences, engineering, architecture and information technology.
3. Health Occupations: This category includes occupations concerned with providing health care services directly to patients and occupations that provide support to professional and technical staff.
4. Occupations in Education, Law and Social, Community and Government Services: This category includes a range of occupations that are concerned with law, public protective services, teaching, counselling, care providing, conducting social science research, developing government policy, and administering government and other programs.
5. Occupations in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport: This category includes professional and technical occupations related to art and culture, including the performing arts, film and video, broadcasting, journalism, writing, creative design, libraries and museums. It also includes occupations in recreation and sport.
6. Sales and Service Occupations: This category contains sales occupations, personal services and security service occupations, and occupations related to the hospitality and tourism industries.
7. Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations: This category includes construction and mechanical trades, trades supervisors and contractors and operators of transportation and heavy equipment. These occupations are found in a wide range of industrial sectors, with many occurring in the construction and transportation industries. This category includes most of the apprenticeable trades, including all of those related to the construction industry.
8. Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations: This category contains supervisory and equipment operation occupations in the natural resource-based sectors of mining, oil and gas production, forestry and logging, agriculture, horticulture and fishing. Most occupations in this category are industry specific and do not occur outside of the primary industries.
9. Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities: This category contains supervisory and production occupations in manufacturing, processing and utilities.

Further detailed information about NOC can be found at http://noc.esdc.gc.ca/English/noc/welcome.aspx?ver=16

Questions and requests related to the projections should be addressed to the Manager of Modelling and Technical Analysis.


Economic and Project Analysis Division, Department of Finance – (709) 729-3255 – infoera@gov.nl.ca